Kapan Si Kecil berkunjung Pertama kali ke Dokter Gigi?

Juni 23, 2008 pukul 4:47 am | Ditulis dalam gigi dan mulut anak | 1 Komentar
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Mengajak si kecil ke dokter gigi kadang menjadi persoalan tersendiri bagi para orang tua. Sebenarnya, kapankah sebaiknya si Kesil perlu ke dokter Gigi? Bagaimana agar si kecil tidak trauma ke drg? Apa yang sebaiknya dilakukan orang tua ssat berkunjung ke drg? Dokter gigi yang bagaimana yang orang tua butuhkan untuk si kecil?

When should my child first see a dentist?

Parents to bring a child in for the first checkup six months after the first baby tooth comes in. That first tooth usually erupts around 6 months of age. But in case the first tooth comes in later, a visit is recommended no later than the first birthday. Although the idea of such early dental visits is still surprising to many new parents, the infant visit is endorsed by leading national public health groups.

It’s recommended that you call the dentist before your child’s first visit and ask the dentist exactly what it is involved during your child’s first dental visit.

Here are two ways to find a dentist who cares for young children:

  • Call the dentist’s office and ask, “At what age does your office recommend that children be seen for their first dental visit?” Look for an office that suggests your child be seen when the first tooth appears or by his or her first birthday.
  • Look for a pediatric dentist who specializes in the care of young children. To find a pediatric dentist, ask your family dentist for a name, check your local phone book. Or Ask your family physician or local pharmacist.

Preparing for the Age 1 Dental Visit

The age 1 dental visit is all about learning about your child’s oral health and how to best care for your child’s unique needs. It is about establishing a relationship with a dental office you feel comfortable with and trust and having your questions answered.

The best way to prepare for your child’s age 1 visit is to consider what you want to know, what you want to look for and what you should expect.

Be prepared to ask about any concerns you may have. Be prepared to look for an office that is:

  • Child and parent friendly
  • Does the office appear to be clean, neat and orderly?
  • Knowledgeable about young children’s oral health, growth and development
  • Responsive to you
  • Gentle and kind toward your child even if your child creates a fuss when the dentist or hygienist looks in your child’s mouth
  • Focused on your specific child’s needs
  • Specific about recommendations about how to care for your child’s mouth and teeth and shows you how to do so
  • to hear your child fuss during the oral examination and toothbrush demonstration.

The right office for you and your child will also:

  • Tell you how to reach the office in case of an accident or dental emergency
  • Make specific recommendations about regular follow-up care
  • Tell you about what will happen next in your child’s oral development
  • Help you to guard and promote your child’s oral health

Dentists and pediatricians are calling this type of office a child’s “dental home.”

Tips to prepare your child for his/her first dental visit:

The goal of bringing a small child into the dentist is primarily to have a good experience in what can be a scary place.

The more positive and supportive you can remain before and after your child’s first dental visit, the better. Each time your child visits the dentist, the easier it will be if they had a positive, enjoyable experience the first time.
1. Read a story and/or watch a movie with your child about going to the dentist.

Children can relate to characters in a book or on the screen. If they see that their favorite charachter shows no fear and is having a good time at the dentist, it will help your child be less afraid when he/she visits the dentist for the first time.

2. Make a dental appointment for when your child is well rested and is generally a good time of day for them.

Each child is different. Some children are much more receptive to new things and just generally in a better mood in the morning. Other children are not ‘morning people’, and an appointment after an afternoon nap may be best. Schedule an appointment for a time of day that works best for your child.

3. Play “dentist” with your child.

Sit down with your child and count his/her teeth, check the gum tissues, and just get your child comfortable with having fingers in his/her mouth. Let your child then be the dentist and allow the child to count your teeth and play with your mouth. By calling the dentist before your child’s first dental visit, will also prepare you for what takes place on the first visit and you can incorporate that into “playing dentist”.


4. Let your dentist know of any psychological, mental, or physical disabilities your child may have.

The more informed the dentist is about your child, the easier it will be for the dentist to work with your child to make the first dental visit a pleasant experience and not a traumatic one.

5. Don’t be afraid to talk to your dentist.

If you have any questions, don’t be afraid to ask them. The more you know about your child’s teeth, development, and how to best take care of your child’s teeth and gums, and any treatment that may be needed, the better for your child. You will be able to help prevent cavities and/or other dental health issues, develop a good oral hygiene routine with your child that will most likely carry into adulthood, and also better prepare yourself and your child for any treatment that may be needed.


6. Don’t convey anxiety to your child.

Your child is very receptive to your moods, tones in your voice, facial movements, and just general body language. If your child senses any kind of fear that you may have, it will make your child more uncomfortable and fearful. Remain as calm and relaxed as you possibly can. Sometimes, it may be better if a spouse, older sibling, or someone close to the child, attends your child’s first dental visit, if you have a fear of the dentist and are concerned about whether or not your child will sense this.

7. Watch what you say around your child.

Never let your child hear of any past dental experiences that you may have had, or someone else experienced, that were traumatic or just generally bad experiences. Be careful not to use words like, “shot”, “needle”, “hurt”, “x-ray”, or “drill”. Instead, explain to your child that the “tooth doctor” will count his/her teeth, and maybe take pictures. Talk to your child about the first dental visit, but keep it positive, short, and simple.

8. It’s okay if your child cries during the first visit.

Crying is perfectly normal during your child’s first visit. Remain strong, supportive, and work with the dentist during this time. No parent enjoys seeing their child cry, but remain as positive and supportive as possible.

9. Allow some alone time for your child and dentist.

When possible, let your child alone with the dentist and staff. Even if you just stand outside of the room so your child can’t see or hear you. By allowing your child some alone time with the dentist, this will help to create a bond between the dentist and your child. The dentist will create a comfortable environment for your child, one where the child can open up to asking questions, or explore around the room on his/her own time. The dentist will talk to your child in terms that your child can relate to, as well as help create a positive experience for your child.

10. Make your child’s first dental visit as fun as possible.

11. If your child has a favorite toy, something small, allow them to bring it with them to their first dental visit.

12. If your gums bleed when you have your teeth cleaned, do not bring the child to watch. It’s just too much for them.

13. Never say it doesn’t hurt. When you come home from a dental visit comment on how good your teeth feel.

14. If your child needs restorative treatment, tell them you do not know how doctors fill baby teeth, you’re just glad that they know how.

15. If you are allowed into the treatment room, please do not parrot what the doctor or dental hygienist says. They need to build rapport with the child.

Don’t:

  • wait for an emergency for the first visit. Don’t wait until your child has a dental emergency or toothache to take your child to the dentist for the first time. By doing so, the experience can be very traumatic to your child and one that your child will likely remember for years to come.
  • over prepare your children for dental visits
  • use phrases like “It won’t hurt much” or “It won’t be too bad”. Such phrases do not soothe; they only create anxiety

What To Expect at the Office

At the visit, you should expect the dentist or hygienist to:

  • Review your child’s history
  • Respond to your questions and concerns
  • Talk with you about your child’s overall oral health, including:
    • Development
    • Teething
    • Bite (how your child’s teeth will come together)
    • Soft tissues such as gums and cheeks
    • Oral habits such as sucking
    • Cavity risk factors such as diet, hygiene practices, fluoride use and whether others in the family have had cavities
    • How to prevent trauma to your child’s mouth
  • Thoroughly examine your child’s mouth in the knee-to-knee position. You and the dentist sit on chairs facing each other. Your child sits on your lap, facing you. You then lay your child back with his or her head in the dentist’s lap so that both you and dentist can see clearly into your child’s mouth and your child can look up at the parent.
  • Demonstrate how to clean your child’s teeth and give you a chance to practice
  • Make specific recommendations about home care, including hygiene, diet and use of fluorides (including toothpaste)
  • Tell you what to expect as your child grows and develops in the coming months
  • Suggest a schedule for follow-up care

The dentist or hygienist may also :

– clean your child’s teeth, particularly if your child’s teeth have a stain that commonly appears in infants.

– apply a topical fluoride preparation, particularly if your child has a higher risk of developing cavities.

– If the dentist suspects something is wrong, X-rays may be necessary. Many people are wary of having X-rays shot into their own heads, let alone young children’s, but the ADA and the AAPD insist that dental X-rays are safe, and the benefits of having them done, when necessary, far outweigh any risks. The level of radiation is very minimal.

The age 1 dental visit lets parents discuss:

  • How to care for an infant’s or toddler’s mouth
  • Appropriate use of fluoride for your child
  • Oral habits, including finger and thumb sucking
  • Ways to prevent oral and facial accidents and trauma
  • Teething and developmental milestones
  • The relationship between diet and oral health

Don`t forget:

– If possible, ask another adult to come with you to the visit, especially one who shares responsibility for caring for your child. Since you want to be free to talk comfortably with the dentist or hygienist and to focus attention on your child, it is best to not bring other children along at this first visit.

– Bring along an extra diaper and snack for your child, as well as a favorite toy, blanket or other familiar object that helps your child know that the dental office is a comfortable and safe place for him or her.

– It possible: To save time and make the first visit easier, ask the dental office to mail you all the office forms you will need to fill out. The forms may offer the chance to list questions or concerns you may want to discuss at the visit.

Before leaving the office, you should have a clear idea about your child’s development, your responsibilities and follow-up care by the dentist. You should have your questions answered, have a good idea of your child’s likelihood of having a problem with cavities and bite, and know what you and your child’s dentist can do together to make sure your child has excellent oral health.

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