Tak selamanya si Cokelat itu Buruk

Juli 12, 2008 pukul 11:43 am | Ditulis dalam Ragam | 3 Komentar
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Siapa ,sih yang tak kenal si Cokelat. Yang jarang atau tak pernah makan pun, biasanya kenal pula dengan si Cokelat. Akan tetapi cokelat lebih terkenal dengan citra buruknya dari pada efek baiknya. Benarkah cokelat selalu buruk untuk Anda?

Coklat putih atau coklat

Selain cokelat berwarna cokelat, dikenal pula cokelat berwarna putih. Orang sering lebih memilih cokelat putih ini dengan anggapan kandungan lemaknya lebih rendah dari cokelat berwarna. Cokelat putih tidak mengandung padatan biji buah kakao (mentega kakao) yang dicampur dengan padatan susu dan gula. Nah, mentega kakao ini sangat jenuh, artinya mengandung kolesterol tinggi.
Justru cokelat berwarna cokelat sangat baik untuk kesehatan, apalagi yang kandungan buah kakaonya melebihi 60 persen. Karena, selain mengandung sejumlah gizi penting seperti magnesium, kalsium, kalium, zat besi, Vitamin B, D, dan E, juga mengandung senyawa flavonoid yang membantu mencegah gangguan jantung koroner dan pertumbuhan sel-sel kanker. Bahkan menurut penelitian, kandungan magnesium pada cokelat dapat memperbaiki mood perempuan menjelang dan selama haid.

sumber :kompas.com

Health Benefits of Chocolate

Why is Dark Chocolate Healthy?: Chocolate is made from plants, which means it contains many of the health benefits of dark vegetables. These benefits are from flavonoids, which act as antioxidants. Antioxidants protect the body from aging caused by free radicals, which can cause damage that leads to heart disease. Dark chocolate contains a large number of antioxidants (nearly 8 times the number found in strawberries). Flavonoids also help relax blood pressure through the production of nitric oxide, and balance certain hormones in the body.

Heart Health Benefits of Dark Chocolate:

Dark chocolate is good for your heart. A small bar of it everyday can help keep your heart and cardiovascular system running well. Two heart health benefits of dark chocolate are:

  • Lower Blood Pressure: Studies have shown that consuming a small bar of dark chocolate everyday can reduce blood pressure in individuals with high blood pressure.
  • Lower Cholesterol: Dark chocolate has also been shown to reduce LDL cholesterol (the bad cholesterol) by up to 10 percent.
Other Benefits of Dark Chocolate: Chocolate also holds benefits apart from protecting your heart:

  • it tastes good
  • it stimulates endorphin production, which gives a feeling of pleasure
  • it contains serotonin, which acts as an anti-depressant
  • it contains theobromine, caffeine and other substances which are stimulants
Doesn’t Chocolate Have a lot of Fat?: Here is some more good news — some of the fats in chocolate do not impact your cholesterol. The fats in chocolate are 1/3 oleic acid, 1/3 stearic acid and 1/3 palmitic acid:

  • Oleic Acid is a healthy monounsaturated fat that is also found in olive oil.
  • Stearic Acid is a saturated fat but one which research is shows has a neutral effect on cholesterol.
  • Palmitic Acid is also a saturated fat, one which raises cholesterol and heart disease risk.

That means only 1/3 of the fat in dark chocolate is bad for you.

Chocolate Tip 1 – Balance the Calories: This information doesn’t mean that you should eat a pound of chocolate a day. Chocolate is still a high-calorie, high-fat food. Most of the studies done used no more than 100 grams, or about 3.5 ounces, of dark chocolate a day to get the benefits.

One bar of dark chocolate has around 400 calories. If you eat half a bar of chocolate a day, you must balance those 200 calories by eating less of something else. Cut out other sweets or snacks and replace them with chocolate to keep your total calories the same.

Chocolate Tip 2 – Taste the Chocolate: Chocolate is a complex food with over 300 compounds and chemicals in each bite. To really enjoy and appreciate chocolate, take the time to taste it. Professional chocolate tasters have developed a system for tasting chocolate that include assessing the appearance, smell, feel and taste of each piece.
Chocolate Tip 3 – Go for Dark Chocolate: Dark chocolate has far more antioxidants than milk or white chocolate. These other two chocolates cannot make any health claims. Dark chocolate has 65 percent or higher cocoa content.
Chocolate Tip 4 – Skip the Nougat: You should look for pure dark chocolate or dark chocolate with nuts, orange peel or other flavorings. Avoid anything with caramel, nougat or other fillings. These fillings are just adding sugar and fat which erase many of the benefits you get from eating the chocolate.

Chocolate Tip 5 – Avoid Milk:

It may taste good but some research shows that washing your chocolate down with a glass of milk could prevent the antioxidants being absorbed or used by your body.

Antioxidants in Dark Chocolate

Dark chocolate — but not milk chocolate or dark chocolate eaten with milk — is a potent antioxidant, report Mauro Serafini, PhD, of Italy’s National Institute for Food and Nutrition Research in Rome, and colleagues. Their report appears in the Aug. 28 issue of Nature. Antioxidants gobble up free radicals, destructive molecules that are implicated in heart disease and other ailments.

“Our findings indicate that milk may interfere with the absorption of antioxidants from chocolate … and may therefore negate the potential health benefits that can be derived from eating moderate amounts of dark chocolate.”

Translation: Say “Dark, please,” when ordering at the chocolate counter. Don’t even think of washing it down with milk. And if health is your excuse for eating chocolate, remember the word “moderate” as you nibble.

sumber: ongevity.about.com

Tips on Cooking with Chocolate

Melting Chocolate

Chocolate scorches easily, so always melt it over hot – not boiling – water. It is best to use a double boiler, but you can improvise by using a cup or bowl in a small saucepan over very gentle heat. The water must be kept below simmering to prevent steam from curling up and hitting the chocolate. If steam gets into the melted chocolate it will immediately thicken the mixture to a stiff mass. If this does happen, however, you can rescue the chocolate by softening it again. To do this, add 1-2 tbsp. of vegetable shortening (never use butter as it contains moisture which will cause the chocolate stiffen even more!) to the chocolate and stir vigorously. You can also melt chocolate directly over very low heat in a heavy gauge saucepan, but you must watch the mixture carefully.

Tempering Chocolate

What Does Tempering Chocolate Mean?

TEMPERING is a method of heating and cooling chocolate for coating or dipping with chocolate. Proper tempering results in chocolate that has a smooth and glossy finish. The tempered chocolate will have a crisp snap and won’t melt on your fingers as easily as improperly tempered chocolate. Properly tempered chocolate is also great for molding candies because the candies will release out of the molds more easily and still retain a glossy finish.

Tempering Methods

Tempering can be accomplished by several different methods, including the following simple methods:

Method 1

Grate or chop the desired amount of chocolate. Place two-thirds of the chocolate in the top pan of a double boiler. Heat over hot, not boiling, water, stirring constantly, until chocolate reaches 110°-115°F. Place the top pan of the double boiler on a towel. Cool to 95°-100°F. Add the remaining one-third of chocolate to that top pan, stirring until melted. The chocolate is now ready to be used for molding candies, coating or dipping.

Method 2

Starting with a pound of broken chocolate, melt two-thirds of the chocolate over indirect heat, such as in the top pan of a double boiler. Melt just until the chocolate is liquid and smooth (At 110°- 115°F). When it is smooth, add the remaining one-third of broken chocolate and heat again until the entire chocolate becomes smooth. Pour the chocolate onto a marble or laminate surface. Using a spatula, scrape and stir the chocolate across the surface to smooth and cool it. When the chocolate is cooled to 80°- 82°F, return the chocolate to the top pan of the double boiler. Place over hot, not boiling, water. Heat and stir constantly, until it reaches 87°- 91°F. Remove the top pan of the double boiler. The chocolate is now ready to be used for molding candies, coating or dipping.

Tips for Tempering Chocolate

* Do not heat above 130°F since chocolate, especially milk chocolate, is very sensitive to heat and will scorch or seize easily.

* Be sure no liquid gets into the chocolate as this will cause clumping or seizing. Source: Ghirardelli Chocolate Company.

More Tips on Melting and Tempering Chocolate

1. Chocolate is very delicate and absorbs moisture and odors easily. Store chocolate in a cool, dry place away from drafts and light. The best temperature for storing chocolate is 54 to 68° F. (12 to 20 C).

2. Melt chocolate at temperatures between 104-115° (40-45 C). You should not melt chocolate directly over the heat source, but over indirect souce of heat such as hot water. This way the chocolate reaches a more uniform temperature. Do not try to speed up the melting process by increasing the heat. This will cause the chocolate to “seize” or harden unevenly. Chocolate prefers to melt slowly — you will be surprized how little time it does take. Usually, while the chocolate is melting you can prepare other ingredients, etc.

3. If you plan to use chocolate for dipping, then you must “temper” it. Tempering is vital if you want a nice glossy shine. This is the classic way to temper: To temper, chocolate must be heated to 104-115° (40-45 C). When it has melted and has reached this temperature, pour contents out onto a cold surface (preferably a marble slab). With a spatula spread the chocolate around on the slab for several minutes. With the spatula transfer the chocolate back to the pan and check its temperature (88-90°). If necessary place pan on top of the hot water to bring temperature to 88-90°. The chocolate is now ready for dipping, but check the temperature periodically.

An alternate, and a bit easier, method to temper chocolate is to reserve about 2 tablespoons of the unmelted chocolte and cut into very fine pieces. After the initial batch of chocolate has melted in the top of a double boiler to 104-115°F, remove the pan, wipe dry and add the reserved chopped chocolate. Stir until temperature of 88-90° has been reached.You may have to place pan over the hot water again to bring temperature back to 88-90°.

How To Temper Chocolate-By Using A Microwave oven

Tempering is important because it determines the final gloss, hardness and contraction of chocolate. When you melt chocolate, the molecules of fat separate. In order to put them back together, you must temper it. There are a variety of ways to do it but the result is always the same. Chocolate is tempered when its temperature is between 84° and 88°F (29° and 31°C).

One of the easiest way to temper it is to place chocolate in the microwave for thirty seconds at a time on high power until the chocolate it melted. Be very careful not to overheat it: The chocolate may not look as if it has completely melted, because it retains its shape. The chocolate should be only slightly warmer than your bottom lip. You may still see lumps in it once you’ve stirred it, but don’t worry; the residual heat of the chocolate will melt it. You can also use an immersion blender to break up the lumps and start the recrystallization process. Usually the chocolate begins to set (recrystallize) along the side of the bowl. As it begins to crystallize, mix those crystals into the melted chocolate and they will begin the recrystallization process. Chef Torres likes to use a glass bowl because it retains the heat and keeps the chocolate tempered for a long time. (note: this is one way to temper chocolate.

Checking Tempering: A simple method of checking tempering is to apply a small quantity of chocolate to a piece of paper or to the point of a knife. If the chocolate has been correctly tempered, it will harden evenly and show a good gloss within five minutes……………From the book “Dessert Circus” By Jacques Torres.

Decorating and Garnishing With Chocolate

How To Make Chocolate Curls

Use a vegetable peeler with a long narrow blade and a chunk or bar of chocolate. Warm chocolate and blade slightly. Be sure your peeler is absolutely dry. Draw the peeler along the smooth surface of the chocolate.

How To Grate Chocolate

Be sure that the block of chocolate is cool and firm. Grate on hand grater, cleaning the grater often so that the chocolate doesn’t clog the surface of the blade. You can use a blender, but be sure to cut the chocolate into small pieces first.

HOW TO STORE CHOCOLATE

Chocolate should be stored in a cool, dry place at a temperature of about 60F. If the chocolate becomes too warm, the cocoa butter rises to the surface and forms a dusty gray film known as “bloom.” This “bloom” is not harmful and, once the chocolate is melted, it returns to its natural rich brown color. If you do store chocolate in the refrigerator or freezer, take in out and let it stand until it returns to room temperature before you use it in a recipe. Chocolate is very sensitive to sudden changes of temperature and you will not get the best results if you do not treat it with respect.

http://www.rumahkusorgaku.wordpress.com

sumber:www.dianasdesserts

3 Komentar »

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  1. cokelat..i love you full..

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